Hari Sridhar’s recent paper on Mixed-species flocks covered in Indian Express

Amitabh Sinha at Indian Express has a nice summary of Hari Sridhar’s recently published paper on “Friendship across species borders: factors that facilitate and constrain heterospecific sociality”.

Click here for the Indian Express article with the nice title: “Costs and benefits: Why birds of a feather sometimes don’t flock together”. This is how it looks in the newspaper!

Sridhar-Guttal-Indian_express-Coverage

Click here for the original research article.

 

 

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(New) Paper on dryland ecosystem transitions and coverage in Deccan herald

Although I have tweeted quite a bit about this paper, I have been rather slow to announce this paper on this blog.

Chen Ning, Kailiang Yu, C Jayaprakash, Vishwesha Guttal, 2018, Rising variability, not slowing down, as a leading indicator of a stochastically driven abrupt transition in a dryland ecosystem, The American Naturalist, 191: E1 E14Data and Codes via Dryad. 

In this paper, we conduct an empirical test of early warning signals in a dryland ecosystem in China. This was based on a very cool email-collaboration with Chen Ning, a graduate student at that time.

The empirical analyses closely match with results of one of my PhD thesis paper with Prof C Jayaprakash, who is also a coauthor on this paper.

Suma from Gubbi Labs wrote this really nice popular article for Research Matters and it was also picked up by Deccan Herald, a very prominent English newspaper in South India !!!!

 

New paper: Jaideep Joshi’s paper on mobility and cooperation

We have a bunch of papers from the lab that I haven’t time to announce on the website (but I do active tweet about them!). Here, I briefly post about the first thesis chapter of Jaideep Joshi is now published in Plos Computational Biology. It’s a really cool theory paper on mobility can actually promote cooperation.

Active-Passive-CollBeh-Simulations

(The above picture is from Figure 1 of the manuscript Joshi et al 2017, Mobility can promote the evolution of cooperation via emergent self-assortment dynamics, PLoS Computational Biology, 13(9): e1005732).

The way we set up the problem is that can we have cooperation in mobile organisms if we exclude well known mechanisms that facilitate the evolution of cooperation. Yes, indeed, we can find cooperation via emergent assortment of cooperators. This paper shows this counter-intuitive using heavy simulations of active or self-propelled particles, simulations of passive particles in turbulent media, and an analytical theory. All of it packed into a single paper.

Here is a nice summary of this work written by Ananya from Research Matters, a popular science communication webpage:

Classically, it has been argued that cooperative interactions evolve mostly among genetic relatives or individuals in close-knit environments – like the lions or the buffaloes. There is also the factor that these animals are mobile and often split and merge depending on the availability of food. What, then, could be the motivation for cooperative interactions to emerge among such dynamic groups that are not genetically related?

“Much of the earlier research on cooperation thought that mobility was a hindrance to the evolution of cooperation. This is because mobility allows defectors to invade and destroy clusters of co-operators, which are necessary for cooperation to sustain”, says Mr. Joshi. In their study, published in the journal PLOS Computational Biology, the researchers have considered two scenarios for mobility – one, where the individuals move through self-propulsion such as fishes and birds, and second, where the individuals move due to the flow of the medium they live in such as microbes.

The study demonstrates that, rather than hinder it, mobility can help animals evolve cooperation to form groups even among unknown individuals without any kinship. “Our study is like a thought-experiment, but aided by sophisticated theoretical and computational tools. However, our model can easily be adapted to real systems by incorporating features specific to those systems. These could include cancer cells, quorum sensing bacteria, mixed species bird flocks, or even grouping mammals such as spotted deer, baboons and elephants”, signs off Dr. Joshi.

New paper on financial market crashes and media coverage

Our new paper showing “Lack of Critical Slowing Down Suggests that Financial Meltdowns Are Not Critical Transitions, yet Rising Variability Could Signal Systemic Risk” is out in PLoS ONE!

Nature India carried out a very nice article on our work, written by Mr Varma. National University of Ireland, Galway issued a press-release (an initial draft of which was written by Rajashree of Science Media Centre, IISc). and featured it on their website. Here is a media article at Deccan Herald, but whats written there just does not make sense.

This work was done in collaboration with Dr Srinivas Raghavendra, an economist at the National University of Ireland, Galway. We started the work sometime in mid-2012. Nikunj Goel, a Physics undergraduate student at IISc, joined this work in early 2014 and did enormous contributions to the manuscript. Quentin Hoarau, an undergraduate itern from CNS, France, was also a co-author on the manuscript.

Comments on opportunities for scientific research in India [Updated]

Mr. GBSNP Varma is writing a series of articles in Science Careers (online) section of the Science magazine to highlight opportunities and challenges for scientific research in India. In the part 1 of this series, myself and several of my colleagues and collaborators such as Dr. Maria Thaker and Prof. Sriram Ramaswamy have been interviewed.

Read the article here: Part 1: In India, Abundant Opportunities

My picture in the article in my office was taken by Ashwin Viswanathan, with all of my lab members making fun of how I pose to pictures (and I was nervous)!

Update (12/11/2013): here is the part 2 of the article focussing on challenges of doing research in India.

“Can the collapse of an ecosystem be foreseen?” – by Priyanka Pulla

Priyanka Pulla, an award winning freelance journalist [1], wrote a blog about our work (with my adviser Prof. Jayaprakash) on early warning signals of ecosystem collapses.

Here is the link.

As always, she writes really well (check her blog and her other articles). She also makes some connections to Indian Monsoon and the hypothesis about regime shifts in Monsoon.

[1] Priyanka’s article on Flock Theory and Synchronies of Nature in Open magazine won her the RedInk Awards for Journalism 2013. That article, if you haven’t read, is something you must read! Obviously, that is also relevant to my research work. She had written on the fascinating work of my colleague and collaborator Sriram Ramaswamy at Physics Department (now director, TCIS, Hyderabad). She had also interviewed me to get an ecologist’s perspective.